The second group includes various drugs and a variety of nutritional supplements, ergogenic effects of providing or creating background to improve performance of athletes as a result of the use of traditional means of training. The third group consists of the geographic and climatic and weather factors, which, in conjunction with means and methods of training of delayed ergogenic effect and at the same time creating the preconditions for successful performance in complex environments. We are talking about training and competitions in midlands, highlands and heat. Hypoxia, typical of mountainous terrain, are a powerful incentive to improve the capacity of oxygen-and rarefied air helps to reduce external resistance and, therefore, increasing results in the sprint disciplines, long jump, javelin throw, and other types of competitions. Training in the heat improves thermoregulation, slow process of increasing internal temperature increases resistance to dehydration, which ultimately contributes to the efficiency and effectiveness of competitive activity, not only complicated but also normal environmental conditions.
And finally, the fourth group comprises the so-called ergogenic mechanical means, which, again, may have both direct and of delayed effect. These safeguards include the effective construction of sporting goods and equipment (tracks, ski jumps, toboggan runs, covering stadiums, gyms, ski slopes, bike, sled, beans, aerodynamic and hydrodynamic costumes, etc.), as well as a variety of fitness equipment and diagnostic and control systems that contribute to the effectiveness of athletic training. Unfortunately, at this stage very little information that reflects the diversity of ergogenic means that can be effective in training, opportunities and ways to use them in training and competitive activity. None of the literature and contemporary analysis of the problem of doping in sport, especially in light of implementation adopted in the 2003 -Doping Code. - Gym