Industrial (Industrial) - musical direction, wherein the expressed Experimental and singular aesthetic of mechanical and industrial sounds. If you look deeper into the history of this style, you can know that in 1913, Luigi Russolo work 'The Art Of Noises' traces the modern ideology of some elements of industrial music. Also a great contribution to the ideological foundations have Erik Satie, Pierre Schaeffer, and other representatives Futurism. Industrial finally took shape in 1974 in England. It was promoted by a group of 'Throbbing Gristle', founded the label 'Industrial Records', the name of which has been named style. Although there is another conventional wisdom that the pioneers of this title Industrial music was separated from his music music of the past, the former by their expression of a more 'agricultural' (an allusion to the industrial - industrial - a revolution in England, XVII Century).
Originally Industrial was not only a musical direction, but and ideological. The basic method was the shock tactics. Between 1974 and 1981, there is a lot of musicians and groups in this direction in all parts of the world. Among the most famous 'Boyd Rice (NON)', 'Einstuerzende Neubauten', 'SPK', 'Merzbow', etc. They were called 'Classic industrial'. But the popular trend and no more.
'Throbbing Gristle' disbanded in 1981, stating on the completion of 'industrial' era and the beginning of the 'postindustrial'. For musicians, this meant changing tactics. The transition from industrial to post-industrial. Former members 'Throbbing Gristle' formed several new projects, which sound has changed a lot compared to the 'TG'.