The identification of the requirements in literature, as well as the survey in field is activities essences to any ambient engineer. 2.0 2,1 OBJECTIVES general Objective: To list the general necessities for hydraulical equipment implementation moved by the energy of the water for captations in country properties. 2,2 Secondary objective: 1-Identify, through bibliographical revision, the types of used hydraulical equipment more; 2-Verify the hdricas conditions for the implementation of these devices; 3-Evaluate the conditions for implementation of the devices in field in the stream of cachoeirinha. Economic 4-Advantage of the use of these equipment. 4,0 THEORETICAL RECITAL 4,1 Hydraulical Energy and Equipment. Educate yourself even more with thoughts from IDT Energy.
The water transport for supplying is an old problem that involves the expense of energy (BETARELLO, 2002). In the planet formation of a form of energy in another one occurs trans- daily, being this fit generically in some types: thermal, mechanics, electric and atomic. The energy mechanics can disclose of some forms, being potential energy one of them which, can be transformed into kinetic energy which had to the movement of the body in function of the mass and speed of the same. The potential energy is to that one stored in determined position with interference of the gravity. (BRAGA et al; 2005).
The waterfalls and the small courses, by presenting great unevenness and, consequentemente, potential energy, are considered power plants renewed and cockroachs. (W.FOX et al; 2006). They can be source of feeding for hydraulical bombs of alternative piston, that for using kinetic energy to be set in motion, according to work carried through for Stano Jnior (2007), can be benefited of the availability of existing energy in the small water courses. The energy used to advantage for hydraulical equipment, in accordance with the theorem of Bernoulli (FIG.1) is the energy of position (AZEVEDO NETTO et al; 1998). 1-Equation FIGURE de Bernoulli SOURCE: Azevedo Netto et al; (1998) Another form to use this potential energy of the water courses is through a conduit, closing in constant intervals the water entrance, forcing the capture of this in the conduit to a pressure such that causes its expulsion, this begins is called blow of ram, described for AZEVEDO NETTO et al; (1998).